Hyponatremia is a condition known as “water intoxication. “Hyponatremia is abnormally low concentration of sodium in the blood. Hyponatremia occurs when the sodium in the blood is diluted by excess water. Hyponatremia may result from the condition that impair excretion of water from your body, or a significant increase in water consumption, for athletes participating in marathons and other endurance events high. Among the causes medicines and the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. Hypervolemic hyponatremia can be caused by congestive heart failure and liver cirrhosis.
Excessive drinking water sometimes hyponatremia, because water absorption into the bloodstream may dilute sodium in the blood. Excessive drinking of beer, which is basically water and low sodium, can also produce hyponatremia when combined with a poor diet. Hyponatremia affects all races. Hyponatremia is more common in the elderly population because of the impact of comorbid extend that can be complicated by hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disturbances in the United States. Symptoms of hyponatremia general weakness, dehydration, confusion, nausea and fatigue.
Hyponatremia treatment is directed at the underlying cause, if it can be identified and corrected. Severe hyponatremia can be treated by infusing a solution of 5% sodium chloride in water into the bloodstream. Moderate hyponatremia due to use of diuretics or an abnormal increase in vasopressin is often treated by instructions to drink less water each day. Hyponatremia due to adrenal gland insufficiency is treated with hormone injections. If you have to watch your sodium or glucose intake, consider taking sodium- and glucose-free electrolyte tablets. Do not drink soda, iced tea, coffee, or alcohol and eat a banana each day
Hyponatremia Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Eat a banana each day.
2. Do not drink soda, iced tea, coffee, or alcohol.
3. Pharmacological agents can be used in some cases of more refractory SIADH.
4. Avoid giving hypotonic intravenous fluids because they may exacerbate cerebral edema.
5. Intravenous fluids (IV) administration of a sodium solution to raise the sodium levels in your blood.
6. Adrenal insufficiency, can help prevent you from experiencing low blood sodium.